6. April

6. April 2015

„6th to 7th April 1945 – Battle in Lingen

On April 6th., 2 RUR was given the task of passing through 2 Warwick at first light in Lingen to clear a sector of the town which lay astride one of the main routes out of it.The intention was to consolidate a vital cross-roads on the outskirts of the town. This would allow the Guards Armoured Division, scheduled to cross the bridge over the canal at 0800 hrs, the same morning, to pass through and exploit our success.In all, the distance to be traversed was about 1500 yards, 2 Warwicks were based upon the line of the Lingen railway, with one company forward of it across a subsidiary road which was to be the start line. The main road ran East from the railway out of Lingen, and at this cross-roads met a subsidiary road running out of South Lingen in a North Easterly direction. This road was to be the scene of bitter fighting when the attack began.Bildschirmfoto 2015-04-06 um 09.20.51Little was known about the enemy as, after a counter attack by German infantry and SF guns had been made against 2 Warwick on the day before our attack, contact had been virtually lost.The Boche was known, however, not to have quitted the town, and was expected to defend all main routes out of it. A patrol from 2 Warwick knew that a house only a short distance from their forward troops, along the main axis, was occupied by the enemy.The plan was as follows. „C“ Company was to capture the vital cross-roads by pushing, not down the main road, but in a right flanking direction, coming up to the road junction along the secondary road. The chief opposition was expected on the main axis, and it was hoped by this bold plan to cut their line of withdrawal.

Once „C“ Company was established, „A“ Company were to advance straight up the main road, clearing the houses and driving the enemy against the firm bed of resistance provided by „C“ Company on the road junction. Subsequently „D“ Company was to pass through „C“ Company to consolidate forward and right, and „B“ Company was to clear any houses that „C“ Company had left unsearched in their advance to the cross-roads.

The Commanding Officer’s orders to Capt. Barry, in command of „C“ Company, were simple and direct. It was to get on to the cross-roads by a circuitous route, straightaway, without clearing more houses than was necessary to get forward rapidly. In support, Capt. Barry had a troop of Sherman tanks, and three Crocodiles, and his Company was to „marry up in the market square and move forward in pre-arranged order.

Lt Purcell’s platoon led the way, and his advance was, in the initial stages, without incident. When he was about 300 yards from the Company objective, however, shots were fired from a house on the right hand side of the road about 100 yards up.

Lingen5445The leading section went to ground and, under cover of its fire Lt Purcell immediately pushed the next section around the back of the houses on the left side of the road, in order to maintain the momentum of the advance.

This apparently sufficed because by the time this reached a point level with the shooting, all was quiet; so they pushed on. No further trouble was experienced by this platoon until the leading section reached the cross-roads, when vicious machine gun fire came from a house on the South side of the main road about 75 yards away.

The first section was pinned down not only by this fire, but by some sniping from a house 50 yards down the main road beyond the cross-roads.

So too was the second section, attempting to approach the house directly from the south. Cpl Watkin in a fearless and gallant rush for the house was unfortunately killed, and casualties were inflicted upon his section.

Meanwhile the third section had come up, and was also pinned down by the withering MG firing from this house.

At this point Lt Purcell signalled to Capt. Barry, and explained the situation in full when he came up. They were just deciding upon a plan for the use of a second platoon with Crocodiles, when five or six men were observed moving by leaps and bounds from the house which was holding out so stubbornly.

Bildschirmfoto 2015-04-06 um 15.30.35They were furiously engaged by the rear section of Lt. Purcell’s platoon and with particular skill and devotion by Rfn Scott, who accounted for at least three of them. But two managed to infiltrate to Platoon HQ and, before being killed, one succeeded in shooting Capt. Barry, mortally wounding him.

The situation was now serious. The forward platoon was thoroughly pinned down to the ground, which was dominated by houses which had not been searched. The enemy might have been anywhere, even in the houses along the company axis of advance; and where he had been located he apparently was in sufficient strength to undertake aggressive action.

Moreover, if the general plan was to be successful, it was imperative that „C“ Company should win their objective, and win it quickly, and this they seemed still far from doing.

Such was the situation when Capt. Alexander, second-in-command of „C“ Company, took over command. Spending a few quick minutes with the forward platoon to get acquainted with what had happened, he then turned back to Company Headquarters to unleash the Crocodiles against these fanatically defended buildings.

But bad luck was to play its part. In attempting to manoeuvre into position, the flame-throwers left the road and immediately sank into a soft and boggy stretch of ground and were unable to move.

Undeterred by this disaster, Capt. Alexander formed up his second platoon, under Lt Fairman, for an attack on the house under cover of an AP shoot from one Sherman 17 pdr.

Here again, bad luck appeared to dog his efforts. The first shots from the Sherman, unknown to the gunner, touched upon the branches of a tree which overhung the bank, and burst amongst the platoon causing casualties and some demoralisation. This platoon quickly reorganised and moved forward, but it too was pinned down by fire from a house close by the other.

Notwithstanding these reverses, Capt. Alexander determined to reach his objective. He now pushed his third platoon Northwards to the main road, ordering it to work along towards the cross-roads on the right hand side, clearing all the houses up to the Company objective.

Bildschirmfoto 2015-04-06 um 09.22.03Covering fire was provided by the Shermans and the other two platoons, and this time Capt. Alexander’s plan was blessed with success. Houses were cleared, some 25 prisoners taken, and this third platoon under Lt Harris was able to establish itself well beyond the company objective.

„A“ Company, who had already begun the advance along the main axis, now proceeded merrily on their way. The success of their house clearing was now ensured due to the stop which „C“ Company had built across the German’s line of withdrawal.

Prisoners began to dribble back to Battalion HQ. The objectives were soon made and consolidated. Then a patrol under Lt Songest was sent forward to contact „C“ Company.

Working his way forward about 200 yards he suddenly came under fire from a party of Germans in some houses close to those which had been troubling „C“ Company. In taking cover some casualties were sustained, so without further hesitation Lt Songest decided to attack.

Under cover of a smoke grenade and covering fire from the patrol, he advanced with a small party under intense small arms fire, threw a grenade through a small aperture and, forcing open the door, compelled the enemy to surrender.

Casualties were sustained and Lt Songest, was himself grazed in the neck by a bullet. But 60 prisoners were tumbled out of these houses, and this finally cleared the way through to „C“ Company.

While this was going on, „D“ Company was passing through „C“ Company to reach their objective without opposition. The Commanding Officer was now ordered to send one Company to occupy a triangle of roads on the Battalion’s right flank, some 600 yards due south of „D“ Company’s new position.

„B“ Company under Major Cummins with one troop of Shermans, was accordingly directed to this task. The position was quickly reached and consolidated, and only when a small patrol was sent to investigate a house in front of the forward position did the trouble begin.

7445LingenAs the patrol approached the house, a spandau opened fire from the edge of a large wood which extended a great distance behind the house. This caused casualties, among whom was L/Cpl. Glover, the patrol commander, but in spite of his wounds he retained control, extricated his men, and explained coherently and accurately on his return the position of the gun before being evacuated.

The reserve platoon was now brought up with two Shermans, and while these gave covering fire, an assault was put in with great dash by Lt McCrainor’s platoon killing one, wounding two and capturing one German, putting two others to flight.

Patrolling forward a little further, this platoon was fired on, and two more spandaus were encountered, though fortunately the wood now hindered their field of fire. Just as an attack on these positions was being prepared, information was received from Brigade that the wood was probably held in considerable strength; a substantial part of 7 Para Division was believed to be in it.

The Commanding Officer gave orders that the engagement would be broken off and the company would pull back to its original position. Subsequent information from POWs revealed that when the tanks moved up to begin the attack on the two spandaus the enemy, who were indeed in fair strength, withdrew, although it seems probable that they returned some time later before finally evacuating during the night. At any rate they took no further action against our troops.

This phase of Lingen had produced bitter, lethal fighting. These fanatical Germans asked no quarter and received none. Hand to hand fighting in which our men – stimulated by unexpected resistance – got to close grips with the enemy, took place and the bodies of the Germans lying within a few yards of our own wounded and dead grimly testified to the fierceness and severity of the fighting.

We lost a brave leader in Captain Barry, and several soldiers that day. But „C“ Company could be proud of the fighting spirit it had displayed and none was later surprised to hear that Capt. Alexander, who had led them to success, received the immediate award of the Military Cross for his part in the operation.

070445.LingenjpgThe Guards Armoured Division were by now streaming through our positions along both the main roads which ran away from „C“ Company’s cross-roads. But a few miles further down they were held up by the usual chain of mines, demolitions and craters.

185 Brigade were now brought forward again to take over the perimeter defence of East Lingen releasing 9 Brigade to initiate a second attack South from Lingen in order to open up a second axis running East to west across the River Ems and canal five miles further South.

2 RUR was relieved at 1800 hrs. by 2 Warwick, and by 2000 had returned once more to the centre of the town for a night in concentration. At 0700 hrs. we had been ordered to pass through the Lincolns who were covering the Southern approaches to Lingen, and secure some high ground 1500 yards further on the South side of an excavated canal.

The day had begun for most people at 0400 hrs. and had been occupied with a tiring battle which had lasted several hours with a move at the end of it. Now it was well past midnight before orders and preparations for the next day were complete, and at approximately 0400 hrs. people were required to be up in readiness for the day’s work. It was indeed a testing routine.

The latest information about the enemy was disclosed at a Brigade O Group held at the forbidding hour of 0400 hrs. 7 April. Patrols from the Lincolns had closely investigated the wood in which it was thought that large numbers of 7 Para Division were lurking, and had found nothing but abandoned equipment; they heard absolutely no sound of foreign occupation. Later a civilian was brought in who said that during the night the enemy had pulled back from these positions in an Easterly direction. The advance of 53 Welsh Division North East from Rheine had made this move probable, and it seemed likely that 7 Para Div. had now been switched from the South to cover the Eastern exits from Lingen.

This was later proved to be the case. The Battalion moved forward on to its objective without meeting any opposition whatever. Seeing the position as the Germans must have held it one could not but be grateful that they had decided to withdraw. The forcing of the dried up canal against determined opposition would have been a formidable and costly operation. But the five stragglers who were picked up proved that their commanders had weighed threat to their rear against the strength of the position and found the latter wanting. So the chase was handed over to I KOSB, who during the rest of the day dealt voraciously with a few hundred Flak troops who had remained behind.“

[Quelle und Fotos.
Anmerkung zu den Fotos von oben:
Das oberste Foto zeigt britische Truppen in Lingen, so sagt es die Internetseite der Royal Ulster Rifles, wobei ich meine Zweifel habe, weil ich die Straße und die Häuser nicht zuordnen kann und auch ein weiteres „Lingen“-Bild auf der Seite zu sehen ist, das mE keine Aufnahme aus Lingen ist, wie man am Kirchturm erkennen kann.
Das zweite Bild von oben zeigt die Gefangennahme von drei deutschen Soldaten am Andreasplatz/Lookenstraße, links das Berning-Haus, in dem sich heute die Andreas-Apotheke und die Lohner Landbäckerei befinden; im weiteren Verlauf der Kämpfe brannte das auf der linken Seite sichtbare Stüting’sche Haus aus. Dazu hier die Privataufnahme vor der Zerstörung, die die NOZ/LT veröffentlichte. In der letzten Woche stellte sie die Frage nach dem konkreten Grund. Der Regimentsbericht der Royal Ulster Rifles nennt ihn. Die Folge zeigt die dritte Aufnahme.
Das vierte Foto zeigt britische Soldaten in der Burgstraße vor dem ehem. Schuhgeschäft Harmeling (jetzt HollyBack). Der Blick geht am zerstörten Block Burgstraße/Am Markt vorbei auf die ehem. Kreissparkasse, die 1969 abgerissen wurde.
Das fünfte Bild ist aus dem Haus Burgstraße 18, der heutigen Targo-Bank, aufgenommen; vorn links das Hellmann’sche Haus Burgstraße 13.
Die sechste Aufnahme „Suche nach Heckenschützen“ (Quelle IWM) wurde bei dieser Gelegenheit einige Meter entfernt nachgestellt. Das Foto zeigt das Haus Castellstraße 13 (jetzt Zahnarztpraxis Dr. Horrix; links der offenstehende Saaleingang des ehem. Kolpinghauses]

Haus Berning

16. Oktober 2011

Unbedingt möchte ich an diesem Wochenende noch etwas zum „Haus Berning“ schreiben. Das Gebäude am Andreasplatz ist umgestaltet worden, nach dem die Eisdiele Ende 2010 geschlossen hatte. Jetzt hat der „Lohner Landbäcker“ mit einem Café eröffnet, daneben weiterhin die Andreas-Apotheke von Apotheker Thomas Albers. Pünktlich zum 80-jährigen Umbau hat die Erbengemeinschaft Berning damit ihrem Haus das Gesicht zurückgegeben, das ihm vor einigen Jahrzehnten bei sog. Modernisierungen abhanden gekommen war. Entstanden war dadurch in den 1960er und 70er Jahren das, was im Lingener Stadtrat immer als „Frau ohne Unterleib“ bezeichnet wird und man auch an anderen Stellen im Stadtbild findet: Eine Hausfassade, die nach vermeintlich ökonomisch-optimierter Giebelmodernisierung den Charakter des Bauwerks zerstört und seine architektonische Gestaltung nurmehr aus den unveränderten Obergeschossen  erahnen lässt.

Unter der Verantwortung von Architektin Petra Berning hat das Haus Lookenstraße 12 jetzt das Gesicht wieder gefunden, das es 1931/32 anlässlich seines ersten großen Umbaus erhalten hatte. Zuvor stand hier im Bereich der 1632 abgetragenen Stadtbefestigung ein kleines eingeschossiges Haus. Malermeister Berning erneuerte dessen Außenwände und überbaute die zum Haus Lookenstraße 10 gelegene Durchfahrt. Das Haus selbst stockte er auf und zu guter Letzt  erhielt es (s)einen neuen Giebel. Die Fassade gestaltete wohl der Lingener Baumeister und Architekt Gerhard Lühn, der zwischen den beiden Weltkriegen so manches prägendes Bauwerk in Lingen und der Region gestaltet hat. Der jetzige Fassadenrückbau verzichtet auch auf die in unserer Stadt auch so beliebte Brüllwerbung. Im wahrsten Sinne des Wortes glänzt jetzt eine Messinginschrift, die man so manchem Gebäude in Lingen wünschen würde. Ein gelungener Beitrag zur Stadtgestaltung!


8. Oktober 2009



Der freundliche Herr
auf den beiden Bildern des Lingener Andreasplatzes ist derselbe: Hans-Joachim („Hajo“) Wiedorn, Chef des sozialdemokratischen Fähnleins im Lingener Stadtrat wollte die fünf Platanen retten. Doch was ist die von der CDU-Mehrheit im Stadtrat beschlossene, seit heute aktuelle Realität. Na? Raten Sie doch mal!

Und vielleicht erinnern Sie sich auch an andere platanenmäßige Ereignisse, die in dieser Stadt  für gleichartige Furore gesorgt haben. Na? Raten Sie doch noch mal!

Zur Abrundung der Geschichte noch dies,
zur Historie jenes.

© Foto links: SPD Lingen, Foto rechts ebenso, jedenfalls zum menschlich wichtigsten Teil
Größere Ansicht:[linkes Bild] [rechtes Bild]


21. Juni 2009

IMG_5694Und wieder kreischen die Sägen. Diesmal werden die Platanen in Lingen  am Andreasplatz  gefällt. Wieder setzt die CDU ebenso radikal wie unnötig Baumfällarbeiten durch. Auf der Internetseite der Stadt ist dazu zu lesen:

Ausbau der Lookenstraße beginnt

Nach der Neugestaltung der Großen Straße wird nun die Erneuerung der Fußgängerzone in der Lookenstraße fortgesetzt. Hier beginnen in dieser Woche die Bauarbeiten. Weil in der Lookenstraße ein neues Gebäude errichtet werden soll, wird der Ausbau der Straße in zwei große Abschnitte geteilt.

Der 1. Bauabschnitt umfasst den Bereich von der Marienstraße bis Lookenstraße Nr. 16 (ehem. Extra-Markt) und soll im September/Oktober 2009 fertiggestellt sein. Der 2. Bauabschnitt von der Lookenstraße 16 bis zum Konrad-Adenauer-Ring soll im April 2010 beginnen, nachdem das geplante neue Gebäude, das am Standort des ehemaligen Extra-Marktes entstehen soll, im Rohbau errichtet ist.

In dieser Woche beginnen die Arbeiten in der Lookenstraße zunächst im Abschnitt von der Marienstraße bis zum Andreasplatz. Um die unvermeidbaren Beeinträchtigungen so gering wie möglich zu halten, werden die Straßenseiten nacheinander ausgebaut. Alle Läden und Gebäude werden auch während der Bauarbeiten zugänglich sein. Dies gewährleistet die bauausführende Firma. Die Stadt Lingen sichert insgesamt eine zügige Bauabwicklung zu.

Weitere Informationen zum Aubau der Lookenstaße finden Sie auf unserer Internetseite in der Planen und Bauen.“IMG_5699
(und auch bei mir…)

Eine typische Lingener Pressemitteilung. Sie teilt nicht mit, dass auch die Platanen am Andreasplatz für den Ausbau beseitigt werden. Ratzekahl! Die CDU war zu keinem Kompromiss bereit. Nachdem die Stadtverwaltung bei einem Ortstermin keine pragmatischen sondern im wahrsten Sinne konstruierte Vorschläge unterbreitet hatte, setzte die Union am vergangenen Mittwoch mit ihrer Mehrheit den nächsten Kahlschlag durch. 6 dafür (ein CDU’ler war schon nach Hause) und 4 (SPD, FDP, Grüne) dagegen bzw. für einen Vorschlag von Ratsherr Jens Beeck, jedenfalls nicht alle Bäume am Andreasplatz zu fällen. Ich darf ja als „Einzelkämpfer“ nur mitberaten, aber nicht mitstimmen (§ 51 Abs. 4 NGO), habe aber zu Protokoll erklärt, dass ich den Beeck’schen Vorschlag unterstützt hätte, wäre ich stimmberechtigt gewesen.

Alle Bäume kommen also weg, obwohl der Baumschnitt auf der Marktplatzterrasse zeigt, dass man auch erhalten könnte, wenn man wollte. Schade für  die Andreasplatz-Platanen. Auch sie sagen Tschüss

(Fotos: © Majonaise)


28. April 2008

Heute hat es eine kleine Feier gegeben, bei der der neugestaltete Bereich Burgstraße/Am Markt eingeweiht wurde. Ich lege Wert auf die Feststellung, dass ich für das schlechte Wetter bei dieser Feier nicht verantwortlich war. 😉

Allerdings darf und muss neben dem allgemeinen Jubel (Motto: „Wie isses doch schön geworden…“), den morgen die Lokalpresse intonieren wird, natürlich kritisiert werden:

  • Die Platanen sind weg, man hätte sie erhalten müssen und trotzdem die „Fußgängerzone modernisieren“ können.
  • Die „Sichtachse“ vom historischen Rathaus in Richtung Marienstraße ist völlig verunglückt; die Platanen vor der alten Kreissparkasse hinderten den Blick auf das  etwas angeschmutzte Weißklinkergebäude und den rosa Marmor der alten Kreissparkasse; jetzt glänzt es gammel-weiß und rosarot, weil die drei Graukübel mit Ziergewächs das satte Grün der Platanen nicht ersetzen.
  • Auch in der Gegenrichtung ist die Sichtachse beschädigt. Denn jetzt verhindern fünf Fahnenmasten vor dem Haus „Alte Marktapotheke“ mit jeweiligem Behang, dass die Augen der Innenstadtbesucher aus der Marienstraße auf das historische Rathaus blicken. 

Schade. Niemand der Verantwortlichen hat die neue Gestaltung im Kontext der vorhandenen Sichtachsen gesehen. Das aber ist etwas, was jedenfalls von einem Stadtbaurat und anderen Stadtplanern erwartet werden kann.  

Übrigens soll der Platanen-Kahlschlag weitergehen: Jetzt sollen auch die Platanen auf dem „Andreasplatz“ zwischen dem italienischen Eiscafé und dem Kochlöffel-Imbiss gefällt werden, weil sie zu hoch gewachsen seien. Auf die Idee, sie fachgerecht zu beschneiden und das grüne Blätterdach über dem Platz dauerhaft zu erhalten, ist man im Rathaus noch nicht gekommen. Wie gesagt, es muss fachgerecht beschnitten werden, damit nicht weitere Zahnstocher-Platanen entstehen wie im Februar in der Elisabethstraße vor dem parlamentarischen Bereich des Rathauses.